Water Falls Sri Lanka
Navigate to Sub Page
Travelling inland into the Central, Uva and Sabaragamuwa provinces brings one into contact with the picturesque waterfalls the country has to offer. Due to the extensive network of natural waterways, the small island is home to over 100 waterfalls, a majority of them located in the Hill Country and the Central Highlands. Some of the most famous waterfalls in Sri Lanka include St. Claire, Devon, Ramboda, Hunnas and Dunhinda. It is quite difficult to reach the base of some waterfalls due to rugged terrain and dense forestation, while numerous ones are completely hidden from oft-travelled routes.
Baker's fall which is 22m in height is a beautiful waterfall in Horton Plains. On the way to the World’s End gap via Horton Plains it is easy to access to the waterfall. There are two main access roads from Nuwara-Eliya and Bandarawela. It's about 35 kms from Nuwara-Eliya to Pattipola and it's a 4 kms walk and about 40 kms from Bandarawela or 30 kms from Haputale via Boralanda and Ohiya. There is a special access to Horton Plains and the falls via Kalupahana. The waterfall looks like steps from different views. Atop of the fall is a long pool. There is a point in the fall which divides for more than thousand parts and making it beautiful. Below the middle part there is another fall. The tree in front of Baker's Waterfall gives more value to the falls. Taking photographs is somewhat difficult. Camping close to Baker's fall is not allowed unless permitted by the Wildlife Department.
Bambarakanda Falls is the tallest waterfall of Sri Lanka situated in Haldummulla. In height it's about 263 meters. The waters fall down from a high rock on to others and adding beauty to this fall. Water comes from a tributary from Horton Plains. From there it goes to Samanala Weva, meaning the Lake of butterflies and finally falls to Walawe River. Travelling to this place is not easy as to the other falls of Sri Lanka. This fall is far away from the main road and the turning point is Kalupahana Junction (160 kms from Colombo) and is the closest main road to fall. The distance between Kalupahana and the waterfall is about 5 kms. This 5 Kms is a narrow road and a light vehicle can take you closer to the fall.
It is entirely fitting that Sri Lanka is becoming more and more recognized as an activity and adventure destination. Not surprisingly, the hill country plays a vital role in tourism. Trekking and mountain biking readily come to mind. Devon Falls is 6 kms west of Talawakelle, on the A7 highway. The entire waterfall itself is in three parts: the top, middle and bottom. The top part is almost one tenth of the falls. From the very top, you will be able to rappel down about 5 meters along the rocks on the left side of the waterfall and be geared up in harness and helmet. A quick demonstration is given for those who had never rappelled before. The thrill comes when one has to walk along a narrow ridge. As a safety measure, however, a support system is set up to control the climber's fall in the event of a slip.
Diyaluma Falls 220 meters in height is the second tallest waterfall in Sri Lanka. The Diyaluma or Diya Haluma collects its water from the Poonagalla Oya in Koslanda and Wellawaya. Located six miles from Koslanda and 13 milesfrom Wellawaya, its waters originate from the Mahakande Pass in Koslanda. With an appearance and location which often make people believe that it is the highest waterfall in the island, this tall and thin "Diyaluma" waterfallpours its way down and flows towards Kirindi Oya under a bridge on the highway from Beragala to Wellawaya. The extent of water spilt downwards is great during the rainy season.
One of the most beautiful waterfalls in Sri Lanka, Dunhinda Falls which is 64m in height is located 5 kms north of Badulla town and 1 km from Badulla-Mahiyanganaya Road. The Sinhala word "Dunhinda" means smoky vapour. This smoky vaporous waterfall is created by the river Badulu Oya that flows through the Badulla town. The fall looks quite breathtaking, with its water roaring over a rocky ledge and falling splashing with clouds of spray into a pool in the rocks below. That is why this water fall is called Dunhinda. However, the area around is said to have been inhabited by Bintenne Veddas a long ago.
The 111-metre high double fall is born of the many convergent brooks in the area that flow into the Puna Oya Reservoir, a tributary of the Kotmale River. It is above 3200 feet above sea level. The first part is above the road and is in the jungle hidden from view, second part is close to the road and the third part is below the road. To see this falls take the Gampola-Nuwaraeliya Road. It is located 1.5 kms from the highway and 10 kms from Pussellawa Rest House. The fall can be seen from the Ramboda Bazaar or from Ramboda Falls Hotel. Most relaxed travellers on this route miss this falls as it is located below the bridge. From the road you can see only the upper segment of the fall on themountain side. You need to climb down near the Ramboda Bridge to get a good view of this captivating waterfall.
St. Clair Falls
This twin St. Clair's waterfall cascades over three rock outcrops into a massive pool and it is most conveniently seen by travelers on the Hatton-Talawakelle Road. This beautiful fall is located amidst tea gardens, transmits a large volume of water, and is the widest waterfall in the country. One needs to walk down among tea bushes at a steep slope to reach it. The Upper Kotmale Hydro Power Project will affect the water resources of St Clair's but for the benefit of the public a limited quantity of water will be released to prevent complete disappearance of the fall. Downstream to the main fall is a second waterfall of 50 meters in height called Kuda Ella, which is best visible at the curve near 90 kms post. St. Clair's Falls is billed as Sri Lanka's Niagara, or "king of waterfalls" due to its outstanding beauty. It is 80 meters in height and 50 meters wide, and consists of two segments, known as "Big St. Clair's" and "Small St. Clair's".
Rawana Falls is located on the Ella-Kithalella road below the famous Rawana cave where Seetha was in captivity. It can be viewed by taking a walk along the railway track. The other route is along a farm road; over a small rock bridge you can have a close look at one of the most ignored waterfalls in the country that speaks o four pre-history. There are many legends linking Rawana and Seetha and the falls. According to legend, it is said that King Rawana (king of Sri Lanka at the time) had kidnapped princess Seetha, and had hidden her in the caves behind this waterfall, now simply known as Rawana Ella (Rawana falls) Cave. At the time, the cave was surrounded with thick forests in the midst of wilderness. It is said that Princess Seetha bathed in the Pool where water collects from the falls. Rawana cave is one of the most attractive places for both local and foreign tourists. Located rear Rawana falls it's about 4,490 ft. above sea level.